Forza Italia, Forza Pianeta Terra…Roma

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Lingua italiana
Crediti di questo testo:
http://www.salute.gov.it/portale/nuovocoronavirus/dettaglioContenutiNuovoCoronavirus.jsp?lingua=italiano&id=5351&area=nuovoCoronavirus&menu=vuoto

I primi casi in Italia
I primi due casi di Coronavirus in Italia, una coppia di turisti cinesi, sono stati confermati il 30 gennaio dall’Istituto Spallanzani, dove sono stati ricoverati in isolamento dal 29 gennaio. Il 26 febbraio sono stati dichiarati guariti.

Il primo caso di trasmissione secondaria si è verificato a Codogno, Comune della Lombardia in provincia di Lodi, il 18 febbraio 2020.

Sorveglianza e controlli
Nel nostro Paese è attiva una rete di sorveglianza sul nuovo coronavirus e sono stati attivati controlli e screening sotto il coordinamento della task force ministeriale.

L’Italia ha bloccato il 30 gennaio con un’Ordinanza del ministro della Salute tutti i voli da e per la Cina per 90 giorni, oltre a quelli provenienti da Wuhan, già sospesi dalle autorità cinesi.

Il Governo italiano ha dichiarato il 31 gennaio lo Stato di emergenza, stanziato i primi fondi e nominato Commissario straordinario per l’emergenza il Capo della protezione civile Angelo Borrelli.

Misure di contenimento

Il Consiglio dei ministri ha varato un decreto legge il 23 febbraio 2020 con misure per il divieto di accesso e allontanamento nei comuni dove sono presenti focolai e la sospensione di manifestazioni ed eventi.

Successivamente sono stati emanati i seguenti decreti attuativi: il Dpcm 25 febbraio 2020, il Dpcm 1° marzo 2020, il Dpcm 4 marzo 2020, il Dpcm 8 marzo 2020, il Dpcm 9 marzo 2020 #Iorestoacasa, il Dpcm 11 marzo 2020 che chiude le attività commerciali non di prima necessità.

Tra le misure adottate anche l’ordinanza 22 marzo 2020, firmata congiuntamente dal Ministro della Salute e dal Ministro dell’Interno, che vieta a tutte le persone fisiche di trasferirsi o spostarsi con mezzi di trasporto pubblici o privati in comune diverso da quello in cui si trovano, salvo che per comprovate esigenze lavorative, di assoluta urgenza ovvero per motivi di salute.

Infine iI Governo ha emanato con il Dpcm 22 marzo 2020 nuove ulteriori misure in materia di contenimento e gestione dell’emergenza epidemiologica da COVID-19, applicabili sull’intero territorio nazionale. Il provvedimento prevede la chiusura delle attività produttive non essenziali o strategiche. Restano aperti alimentari, farmacie, negozi di generi di prima necessità e i servizi essenziali.

Le disposizioni producono effetto dal 23 marzo 2020 e sono efficaci fino al 3 aprile 2020.

Le stesse disposizioni si applicano, cumulativamente al Dpcm 11 marzo 2020 nonché a quelle previste dall’ordinanza del Ministro della salute del 20 marzo 2020 i cui termini di efficacia, già fissati al 25 marzo 2020, sono entrambi prorogati al 3 aprile 2020.

English
Text credits:
https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/sight-death-pain-anxiety-italy-hospitals-200324171454754.html

by Elisa Oddone
24 Mar 2020

‘No end in sight’: Death, pain and anxiety in Italy’s hospitals
Italian doctors and a nurse take us to their busy hospitals, which are overwhelmed with patients on the brink of death.
Names marked with an asterisk* have been changed to protect identities.

Turin, Italy – It is 5am and Annalisa Baldi is about to start her shift in a COVID-19 ward at the Cremona hospital, southeast of Milan, in Lombardy.
Wearing her usual uniform and a surgical mask, the 34-year-old nurse heads to the dressing area to prepare.
She thoroughly washes her hands with special sanitiser and puts a protective suit on top of her clothing. She pulls on a pair of gloves.
“Until the end of my shift, these gloves become my skin,” Baldi told Al Jazeera. “I wash and disinfect them any time I can. I also add more layers of gloves throughout the day.”
Two masks – one for her own protection and the other to shield the patients, scuba-diving goggles and a cap complete her armour.
In her ward today, there are 66 people aged between 50 and 70. There are also some younger patients.
“This virus doesn’t only affect elderly people with underlying conditions,” Baldi said, adding that the large hospital is mostly dedicated to the coronavirus emergency.
At 5:30am, medical personnel bustle about the wards.
Nurses draw blood, check patients’ oxygen levels and deliver medicine, as doctors start first rounds of inspections. Intensive care specialists arrange consultations and X-ray tests proceed at pace.
To avoid contagion, direct contact with patients is avoided where possible.
“One needs to do as much as one can in one go, in their rooms,” Baldi says. “This includes helping patients drink. This might sound a small detail, but when patients wear fixed continuous positive airway pressure [CPAP] devices, spanning helmets and full-face masks, getting a chance to drink is essential.”

Only patients with a high fever and who need significant levels of oxygen support are currently hospitalised in Italy, where so far 6,820 have died from the virus that has infected 69,176 people.
Besides monitoring high respiratory rates and shortness of breath, medical staff review arterial blood gas tests, which measure the percentage of oxygen in the blood.
A patient’s condition can change immensely in a day.
Oxygen values might drop very fast, requiring intubation. Intubation time for COVID-19 patients is lengthy – 20 days on average.
“This is a new, different patient. Doctors and nurses are outperforming themselves. It is extremely emotional to witness,” said Baldi.
She believes she has probably had coronavirus, like many of her colleagues on the front lines, but that her symptoms were imperceptible.
The percentage of health workers infected in Italy is more than double the number registered throughout the epidemic in China – more than 5,000 since the onset of the outbreak in February, in part due to a shortage of protective equipment.
Public health experts say that if all medics were tested, the actual rate of infection could be so high that it would stop hospitals from functioning.
In Bergamo, at least 6,000 citizens are currently infected, making it Italy’s – and the world’s – worst-hit province in percentage terms.
Hundreds have died there. Ambulance sirens continuously cut through the silence of a city on lockdown.
Bergamo’s vast Papa Giovanni XXIII hospital has the largest intensive care unit (ICU) in Europe.
Roberto Cosentini, the hospital’s first-aid coordinator, has said the pandemic feels like a “viral earthquake”.
“It is like we had a new telluric shock every day, with scores of new patients suffering simultaneously. Now the difficulty is to move patients who have slightly improved to make space for those who have more serious conditions,” he told local media.

Patients are like candles that start flickering, before becoming feeble and eventually going out. Wheezing and shortness of breath precedes death.
ENRICO*, ITALIAN DOCTOR IN BERGAMO
Enrico* is a hospital specialist in the coronavirus wards.

Like Baldi, he believes he has had the virus, although showing few symptoms. Medics in the hospital are now provided with necessary protective gear.
“The disease is unpredictable. Patients are like candles that start flickering, before becoming feeble and eventually going out. Wheezing and shortness of breath precedes death. Patients with several underlying conditions are not taken to the ICUs. We do all we can to accompany them gently into their deaths,” he said grimly, adding there was an enormous sadness around them.

“They are afraid, alone and isolated. It is excruciating to see them dying like this. It is devastating to call their families,” he said.
But with some hope, he noted the number of patients being discharged. Nationwide, of almost 70,000 people infected, more than 8,000 have recovered.
Valentina*, an anesthesiologist in an ICU in Milan, said while her team had protective equipment, colleagues in other hospitals in the city were still tending to patients only with surgical masks.
“We are exhausted, both physically and psychologically,” she told Al Jazeera.
“This disease creates such uncertainties that even those most prepared to face extreme situations and take difficult decisions break under the pressure.”
Performing complex procedures such as intubation while wearing protective gear can be exhausting.
“People keep coming in. You already know some of them, they won’t make it. Patients die of suffocation. What makes it even harder is that there is no end in sight,” said Valentina.

SOURCE: AL JAZEERA NEWS

Español
Créditos de este texto:
https://www.milenio.com/internacional/coronavirus-italia-25-marzo-noticias-muertos-contagiados
MILENIO DIGITAL Y DPA
Ciudad de México / 25.03.2020 15:00:52

La cifra de afectados en el país europeo ya supera los 69 mil y se han registrado más de 6 mil muertes.
La pandemia de coronavirus Covid-19 ha afectado duramente a Italia donde se han registrado más de 69 mil infectados y han muerto más de 7 mil 500 personas, siendo el país con más muertes en el mundo por el coronavirus, anunció Protección Civil. Además, en todo el territorio se fortalecieron las medidas de control para evitar contagios, por ejemplo, se implementarán multas de hasta 3 mil euros (más de 60 mil pesos) a quienes desobedezcan las medidas de aislamiento.

15:10 Italia podría haber alcanzado su cifra máxima de contagios de coronavirus: OMS
Por cuatro días consecutivos los contagios de Covid-19 y los números de muertes han entrado en la que parece ser una etapa de descenso y el avance podría disminuir definitivamente durante esta semana, según preveé el subdirector general de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS).
El médico italiano Ranieri Guerra, señaló este miércoles que “la desaceleración en la tasa de crecimiento es un factor extremadamente positivo. En algunas regiones estamos cerca del punto de caída de la curva y, por lo tanto, probablemente el pico (en el país) podría alcanzarse esta semana y después caer. Esta semana y los primeros días de la próxima serán decisivos”, expresó al diario La Repubblica.

14:20 Residente de la casa del Papa Francisco da positivo a coronavirus
Un funcionario de la Secretaría de Estado del Vaticano y residente en la casa del papa Francisco está hospitalizado tras dar positivo en coronavirus, según informa el diario italiano Il Messaggero.
Este trabajador reside permanentemente en Santa Marta, donde también vive el papa Francisco, y se encuentra hospitalizado y aislado como medida de precaución para evitar que el virus se extienda, aunque su salud no corre peligro, según la misma fuente.

11:15 Italia supera los 7 mil 500 muertos por Covid-19 tras sumar 683 en las últimas 24 horas
Italia ha sumado otros 683 fallecidos así como otros 3 mil 491 casos de contagio en las últimas 24 horas, por lo que el total de muertes supera ya las 7 mil 500 mientras que los casos están por encima de los 74 mil
Según los datos publicados por Protección Civil, en Italia han habido en total, desde el inicio de la pandemia, 74 mil 386 casos y 7 mil 503 fallecidos. Por otra parte, otros mil 36 pacientes han superado la enfermedad Covid-19, lo que eleva el total a 9 mil 362 personas curadas.

10:35 Italia anuncia penas de hasta cinco años de cárcel a quienes violen la cuarentena
El Consejo de Ministros de Italia aprobó un decreto que establece multas de entre 400 y 3 mil euros (8 mil y 60 mil pesos) y penas de hasta cinco años de cárcel para todos aquellos que violen la cuarentena establecida para hacer frente a la pandemia de coronavirus.
“La violación intencionada de las prohibiciones establecidas para las personas sujetas a cuarentena tras dar positivo del virus será castigada”, indicó el Gobierno en un comunicado.
Así, especificó que las penas de prisión serán de uno a cinco años”. Sin embargo, no se prevé la confiscación de automóviles, motocicletas u otros vehículos mientras se garantiza el abastecimiento de todas las localidades, según el diario local La Repubblica.

One thought on “Forza Italia, Forza Pianeta Terra…Roma

  1. Bella Italia, Roma legendaria.
    Espero ver pronto a Italia recuperada de la desgracia qué se la ha presentado al mundo.
    Un reconocimiento especial a enfermer@s y médicos que estan luchando contra ésta pandemia.

    Like

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