Jeronimos Monastery, Lisbon…Portugal…Monasterio de los Jerónimos, Lisboa

 

Text credits:
https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/jeronimos-monastery

LISBON, PORTUGAL
Jerónimos Monastery
Elaborately carved to showcase the glorious wealth that the age of exploration brought to the Portuguese empire.
Though it’s one of the most important buildings in Portugal today, the Jerónimos Monastery had much more humble beginnings.
In the 14th century, the small Lisbon chapel, Santa Maria de Belém, was presided over by monks of the military-religious Order of Christ. Originally built by Prince Henry the Navigator, the duty of the monks there was to assist Portuguese sailors and ships leaving port for long journeys. Seamen and crew would spend their last night in Portugal within the church, often praying for safe travel and confessing their sins to the monks there in case they did not return to land.
Of the most famous was the great Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama, who was the first European to reach the Far East by sea and who credited the night of prayer in the church with his success. Upon the triumphant return of de Gama and the new found riches, King Manuel I began construction of a new monastery on the location, one to showcase the glorious wealth that the age of exploration brought to the Portuguese empire.
The monastery and church were built over the next 100 years with taxes from imported goods from Africa and the far east. Unsurprisingly, several architects and numerous sculptors worked on the building, together achieving a level of cohesive realization in creating one of the most majestic examples of Late Gothic Manueline style of architecture.
The King donated the construction to the monks of the Hieronymite order, who were tasked with praying for the soul of the King and his family— likely no small task when considering the atrocities of Portuguese explorers and traders among plundered lands all in the name and with approval of their King. Regardless, for the next several hundred years the monks continued in their duties until the order was dissolved and the monastery abandoned in 1833. For a time it was a children’s school, but it gradually fell from it’s grandeur into disrepair thanks to earthquakes and neglect.
It has seen several restoration projects and cleanings since the mid-1800s, where it once again became the pride of the capital city. In 2007, the Treaty of Lisbon was signed at Jerónimos. Today, the monastery is a UNESCO world heritage site. Inside are the tombs of the royal family, Vasco de Gama, and Luís de Camões among other notable Portuguese notables from the age of it’s construction.
Know Before You Go
There are several ways to use public transportation to get to the site: Buses 714, 727, 729 and 751 stop at Belém. Tram 15 has a stop right outside the monastery. Additionally, Lisbon-Oeiras suburban train service from Cais do Sodré stops at Belém. Metered parking is available in the area around the neighborhood.Admission to the church is free; it’s a church! You will see great long lines waiting to pay for admission: to the cloister. Of course you want to see both. Here’s the secret: to the far-ish left of the main entrance is the National Museum of Archaeology. Go in there, and pay for admission to both the museum and the cloister. Visit the Gold Treasure room in the museum. You will be astounded! Then, from the far end of the museum, show your ticket and be at the head of the line for admission to the cloister. After that, exit the cloister and you will be at the free entrance to the church. The three are worth a day. After the museum and monastery, walk to the left along the Praca Imperio and Rua Belem to the cafe Pasteis de Belem. (Marked on Google maps.) Go inside to a table and have a plate of custard tarts; spinkle them with cinnamon and powdered sugar; with a coffee. Then have a nap before supper!
CONTRIBUTED BY
AdamTKincaid

 

Español
Créditos de este texto:
https://www.lisboa.es/que-ver/monasterio-de-los-jeronimos/

Declarado Patrimonio de la Humanidad por la UNESCO en 1983, el Monasterio de los Jerónimos de Lisboa (Mosteiro dos Jerónimos) constituye unos de los principales ejemplos de la arquitectura manuelina en Portugal y un homenaje a la época dorada de los descubrimientos, pues Manuel I ordenó su construcción para conmemorar el regreso de la India de Vasco de Gama. De hecho, las obras se financiaron con los impuestos procedentes de las colonias.Historia del monasterio
Está ubicado en el barrio de Belém, sobre los restos de una antigua ermita fundada por Enrique el Navegante donde, se cuenta, Vasco de Gama y su tripulación rezaron antes de viajar a la India. Terminó de construirse en el siglo XVI, aunque el ala occidental y el campanario no se concluyeron hasta el XIX (de hecho, si los observas detenidamente, te darás cuenta de que no guardan armonía con el resto).
Su nombre se debe a que en sus primeros años fue residencia de los monjes de la Orden de San Jerónimo, aunque desde el siglo XIX, con la llegada del gobierno liberal y el desmantelamiento de las órdenes religiosas, es patrimonio del Estado.
El claustro
Accediendo al claustro (en nuestra opinión, la parte más impresionante del conjunto), encontraremos una decoración plagada de elementos marítimos y de navegación que evocan su origen conmemorativo, así como de otros de estilo manuelino (abunda la letra “M”). El patio central del claustro ha sido restaurado recientemente y alberga las tumbas de Vasco de Gama y del poeta Luís de Camões. Desde el segundo piso del claustro se puede acceder a la parte superior de la iglesia y a la tumba de Fernando Pessoa. Además, podemos visitar la sala-museo, que hace una interesante comparativa entre la evolución del monasterio y la de la historia de Portugal.
En el Monasterio de los Jerónimos también podemos encontrar las tumbas de varios monarcas portugueses, como Manuel I y su familia, Sebastián I, Catalina de Austria o Enrique I, además de las de otros personajes ilustres que ya hemos mencionado. Además, el monasterio alberga el Museo de Arqueología en una extensión construida en el siglo XIX, y el Museo de la Marina en el ala oeste. También fue aquí donde se firmó, en 2007, el famoso Tratado de Lisboa de la Unión Europea.

 

Portugués
Créditos deste texto:
http://www.mosteirojeronimos.gov.pt/pt/index.php/index.php?s=white&pid=212&identificador=

Claustro
Destinado essencialmente ao isolamento da comunidade monástica, era um local aprazível e sereno que permitia a oração, a meditação e o recreio dos monges da Ordem de S. Jerónimo.
Projectado por Diogo de Boitaca, que iniciou os trabalhos no começo do século XVI, foi continuado por João de Castilho a partir de 1517 e concluído por Diogo de Torralva entre 1540 e 1541. Pelo seu valor e simbologia, o claustro do Mosteiro dos Jerónimos representa um dos monumentos mais significativos da arquitectura manuelina. De duplo piso abobadado e planta quadrangular, apresenta na sua decoração a originalidade deste estilo, ao conjugar símbolos religiosos (elementos da Paixão de Cristo, entre outros), régios (cruz da Ordem Militar de Cristo, esfera armilar, escudo régio) e elementos naturalistas (cordas e motivos vegetalistas que coabitam com um imaginário ainda medieval, de animais fantásticos).
Na ala norte do claustro inferior encontra-se o túmulo de Fernando Pessoa, da autoria de Lagoa Henriques, executado em 1985.

One thought on “Jeronimos Monastery, Lisbon…Portugal…Monasterio de los Jerónimos, Lisboa

  1. Detalladas fotografías de ese patrimonio de la humanidad, El Monasterio de los Jerónimos en Lisboa Portugal; rico en historia.

    Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

w

Connecting to %s