My dear Leia has passed away, “I miss you”…Mi querida Leia murió, “Te extraño”

Text credits:
http://dogtime.com/dog-breeds/chihuahua#/slide/1

The Chihuahua dog breed‘s charms include his small size, outsize personality, and variety in coat types and colors. He’s all dog, fully capable of competing in dog sports such as agility and obedience, and is among the top 10 watchdogs recommended by experts. He loves nothing more than being with his people and requires a minimum of grooming and exercise.
The Chihuahua is a saucy little hot tamale and not just because of his association with a certain fast-food Mexican restaurant. He’s renowned for being the world’s smallest dog, but he may well have the world’s biggest personality stashed inside that tiny body. That larger-than-life persona makes him appealing to men and women alike.
Fun loving and busy, Chihuahuas like nothing better than to be close to their people. They follow them everywhere in the house and ride along in tote bags when their people run errands or go shopping. It’s not unusual for Chihuahuas to form a close bond with a single person, and they can become very demanding if they’re overindulged.
Besides being affectionate housemates, Chihuahuas are intelligent and fast learners. They can compete in agility and obedience trials with just as much enthusiasm and success as larger dogs. That said, they’re willful little dogs. You’ll be most successful if you can persuade them that competing — or simply doing as you ask — is fun. Use positive reinforcement in the form of praise and food rewards when training your Chihuahua. He won’t respond to harsh treatment.
It’s important when considering the Chihuahua to take into account his small size. Chihuahuas are curious and bold explorers. They’ve escaped from yards through small gaps in the fence and can squeeze into places that other puppies and dogs wouldn’t be able to fit. And even though they tend to rule the roost, they can be accidentally injured by rambunctious larger dogs.
History
As with so many breeds, the Chihuahua’s origins are unclear, but there are two theories of how he came to be. The first is that he descended from a Central or South American dog known as the Techichi.
When we look at the evidence of the Chihuahua coming from Central and South America, we find ourselves looking back to the Toltec civilization. There are Toltec carvings dating to the 9th century C.E. that depict a dog resembling the Chihuahua, with the same large ears and round head. These dogs were called Techichi, and their purpose in Toltec civilization is obscure.
When the Aztecs conquered the Toltecs, they absorbed the Techichi into their society. Many of the dogs lived in temples and were used in Aztec rituals. The Aztecs believed that the Techichi had mystic powers, including the ability to see the future, heal the sick, and safely guide the souls of the dead to the underworld. It was customary to kill a red Techichi and cremate him with the remains of the deceased. The Aztecs also used the Techichi as a source of food and pelts. The Spanish conquered the Aztecs in the late 1500s and the Techichi faded into obscurity.
The second theory is that small hairless dogs from China were brought to Mexico by Spanish traders and then bred with small native dogs.
Regardless of which theory is accurate, the shorthaired Chihuahua we know today was discovered in the 1850s in the Mexican state of Chihuahua, from which he took his name. American visitors to Mexico brought the little dogs home with them. They began to be shown in 1890, and a Chihuahua named Midget became the first of his breed to be registered with the American Kennel Club in 1904. The longhaired variety was probably created through crosses with Papillons or Pomeranians. The breed’s popularity took off in the 1930s and 1940s, when it was associated with dance king and Latin music bandleader Xavier Cugat.
Since the 1960s, the Chihuahua has been one of the most popular breeds registered by the AKC. Today they rank 11th among the 155 breeds and varieties the AKC recognizes.

Read more at http://dogtime.com/dog-breeds/chihuahua#8vGohEYrAQq1CiDu.99

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Créditos de este texto:
https://www.petdarling.com/articulos/perros-chihuahua/

Vemos a los perros Chihuahua en el regazo de actrices de Hollywood, en anuncios y en series de televisión de todo el mundo, aunque en realidad este pequeñín es originario de México. Se trata de un animal muy apreciado como perro de compañía por su carácter pizpireta y valiente, su físico tan chiquitín, sus cabriolas y saltitos y por su extremo apego y cariño a su dueño. Los pequeños perros chihuahua por su adaptabilidad, inteligencia y caracter intrépido harán las delicias de cualquier hogar.
El perro Chihuahua o chihuahueño está considerado la raza de perros más pequeña del mundo, pero no acaban ahí sus récords, ya que es además de las más longevas (no es tan raro que llegen hasta los 15 ó 17 años). -Mira cuales son las razas de perro que mas tiempo viven.
Historia del Chihuahua:
Los perros chihuahua son originarios del estado mexicano del mismo nombre, frontera con Tejas y Nuevo México, y es la raza más antigua del continente americano. Además una raza pura, es decir, surgida por selección y cría a través de los siglos, no como resultado de un cruce entre dos razas pre-existentes (bueno, esto tiene su matiz que veremos a continuación).
Su historia se pierde en el tiempo, pero se cree que los perros chihuahua evolucionaron a partir del “Techichi” un perro salvaje de grandes orejas, domesticado por los Toltecas y probablemente también por los Mayas.
Junto con el perro calvo mexicano, es una de las razas más antiguas de América. De hecho se calcula que esta raza puede tener más de 3.000 años de vida!
Se piensa además que el Chihuahua está emparentado con dicho perro calvo, otra raza originaria de México. El perro calvo es también conocido como perro azteca, o xoloitzcuintle, y es un antiguo animal sagrado y ceremonial que también ha sobrevivido hasta nuestros días (lee más sobre el perro xoloitzcuintle aqui).
Los perros Chihuahua continuaron viviendo en México como mascotas populares durante siglos. Volviendo ya a eras más modernas, hacia el año 1850, los pocos turistas y extranjeros que visitaban México comenzaron a adquirir y exportar perros chihuahua , con lo cual la raza se comenzó a conocer en norteamérica, y en menor medida también en Europa.
Estos perros gustaron mucho, y llegaron a hacerse cada vez más populares en Estados Unidos sobre todo a principios del siglo veinte.

One thought on “My dear Leia has passed away, “I miss you”…Mi querida Leia murió, “Te extraño”

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