Brighton is a seaside resort on the south coast of England. It is part of the ceremonial county of East Sussex, within the historic county of Sussex.
Archaeological evidence of settlement in the area dates back to the Bronze Age, Roman and Anglo-Saxon periods. The ancient settlement of “Brighthelmstone” was documented in the Domesday Book (1086). The town’s importance grew in the Middle Ages as the Old Town developed, but it languished in the early modern period, affected by foreign attacks, storms, a suffering economy and a declining population. Brighton began to attract more visitors following improved road transport to London and becoming a boarding point for boats travelling to France. The town also developed in popularity as a health resort for sea bathing as a purported cure for illnesses.
In the Georgian era, Brighton developed as a fashionable seaside resort, encouraged by the patronage of the Prince Regent, later King George IV, who spent much time in the town and constructed the Royal Pavilion in the Regency era. Brighton continued to grow as a major centre of tourism following the arrival of the railways in 1841, becoming a popular destination for day-trippers from London. Many of the major attractions were built in the Victorian era, including the Grand Hotel, the West Pier, and the Brighton Palace Pier. The town continued to grow into the 20th century, expanding to incorporate more areas into the town’s boundaries before joining the town of Hove to form the unitary authority of Brighton and Hove in 1997, which was granted city status in 2000.
Brighton’s location has made it a popular destination for tourists, renowned for its diverse communities, quirky shopping areas, large cultural, music and arts scene and its large LGBT population, leading to its reverence as the “unofficial gay capital of the UK”. Brighton attracted 7.5 million day visitors in 2015/16 and 4.9 million overnight visitors, and is the most popular seaside destination in the UK for overseas tourists. Brighton has also been called the UK’s “hippest city”, and “the happiest place to live in the UK”.
A stunning example of a Victorian pleasure pier, whether you call it Brighton or Palace Pier, this is traditional seaside fun at its very best. Fish & chips, candy floss, rides for thrill seekers and the infamous stripy deckchairs!
Named one of the Top 10 ‘cities with brilliant beaches’ by Lonely Planet, Brighton beach is famous for its pebbles (there are an estimated 614,600,000!) and attracts people to its shores all year round.
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Brighton es una ciudad situada en la costa sur de Inglaterra. Constituye la mayor parte de la conurbación conocida como Brighton & Hove (formada por la unión de los poblados de Brighton, Hove, Portslade y otras comunidades).
Conocido en la antigüedad como Brighthelmston, Brighton data desde mucho antes de la creación del libro Domesday. Emergió como centro turístico durante el siglo XVIII y se convirtió en un destino principal para viajeros después de la llegada del Ferrocarril en 1841. Como consecuencia, Brighton experimentó un rápido crecimiento de la población alcanzando los 160.000 habitantes en 1961. Hoy en día, Brighton es hogar de más de 156.000 personas sin contar las periferias del poblado, que en conjunto alcanzan los 480.000 habitantes.
Brighton recibe un promedio de 8 millones de turistas al año y posee una sólida industria financiera, es también hogar de dos universidades y una escuela de medicina. Brighton se encuentra aproximadamente a 1 hora en tren desde Londres.