British Museum, part 1/parte 1


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The British Museum is dedicated to human history, art and culture, and is located in the Bloomsbury area of London. Its permanent collection, numbering some 8 million works, is among the largest and most comprehensive in existence and originates from all continents, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginnings to the present.
The British Museum was established in 1753, largely based on the collections of the physician and scientist Sir Hans Sloane. The museum first opened to the public on 15 January 1759, in Montagu House, on the site of the current building. Its expansion over the following two and a half centuries was largely a result of an expanding British colonial footprint and has resulted in the creation of several branch institutions, the first being the British Museum (Natural History) in South Kensington in 1881. Some objects in the collection, most notably the Elgin Marbles from the Parthenon, are the objects of controversy and of calls for restitution to their countries of origin.
In 1973, the British Library Act 1972 detached the library department from the British Museum, but it continued to host the now separated British Library in the same Reading Room and building as the museum until 1997. The museum is a non-departmental public body sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport, and as with all other national museums in the United Kingdom it charges no admission fee, except for loan exhibitions.
The British Museum houses the world’s largest and most comprehensive collection of Egyptian antiquities (with over 100,000[66] pieces) outside the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. A collection of immense importance for its range and quality, it includes objects of all periods from virtually every site of importance in Egypt and the Sudan. Together, they illustrate every aspect of the cultures of the Nile Valley (including Nubia), from the Predynastic Neolithic period (c. 10,000 BC) through to the Coptic (Christian) times (12th century AD), a time-span over 11,000 years.

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El Museo Británico (en inglés: The British Museum) es un museo de la ciudad de Londres, Reino Unido, uno de los museos más importantes y visitados del mundo. Sus colecciones abarcan campos diversos del saber humano, como la historia, la arqueología, la etnografía y el arte.
El museo fue una de las primeras instituciones de este tipo en Europa. Custodia más de siete millones de objetos de todos los continentes, muchos de los cuales se encuentran almacenados para su estudio y restauración, o guardados por falta de espacio para exhibirlos. Cuenta con la mayor sala de lectura de la Biblioteca Británica, biblioteca que aunque ahora tiene sede propia, hasta el año 1973 también formaba parte del museo, al igual que el Museo de Historia Natural de Londres, que cambió a sede propia en el año 1963.
La sección del Antiguo Egipto es la más importante del mundo después de la del Museo Egipcio de El Cairo. La entrada al museo y a muchos de los servicios que ofrece —como el de la sala de lectura— es libre y gratuita, a excepción de algunas exposiciones temporales.

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