Totton and Eling is a town and civil parish in Hampshire, England, with a population of around 28,000 people. It is situated outside the eastern edge of the New Forest and on the River Test, close to the city of Southampton but outside of the city boundary; the town is instead within the New Forest non-metropolitan district. Surrounding towns and villages include Ashurst, Marchwood, Cadnam and Ower.
Totton claimed to be the largest village in England until it was made a town in 1974. The town is often considered to be made up of several smaller villages, such as Testwood, Calmore and Hammonds Green (as well as the original village of Totton) which have been connected by new clusters of housing to form the town as it is today. This is backed up by the presence of several areas of local shops, which served their respective villages in the past, and to an extent still do today. Until the 1967 forest perambulation fencing, New Forest ponies were free to roam its streets. At their closest points, Totton and Ashurst are less than 0.4 km (400m) apart, if measured from the closest buildings.
Totton’s town centre has changed little since the 1970s. Commercial Road and the A35 causeway are the main exit routes from the town.
The areas behind Calmore Industrial Estate by the River Test have been regenerated with lakes for boating, but their main use is for fishing and as a water supply resource. There is also the Testwood Lakes Centre, with walks along the Test Way running from Totton to Inkpen Beacon in Berkshire, via Romsey in Hampshire.
Eling can be accessed by crossing the railway line which divides the original old village of Totton and the areas of Eling, and Hounsdown. This goes to Brokenford which has some pathways from Totton to the A35 Bypass road at Eling recreation ground, by Bartley Water. The village’s name is pronounced the same as that of the London town and borough of Ealing.
Comics is a medium used to express ideas by images, often combined with text or other visual information. Comics frequently takes the form of juxtaposed sequences of panels of images. Often textual devices such as speech balloons, captions, and onomatopoeia indicate dialogue, narration, sound effects, or other information. Size and arrangement of panels contribute to narrative pacing. Cartooning and similar forms of illustration are the most common image-making means in comics; fumetti is a form which uses photographic images. Common forms of comics include comic strips, editorial and gag cartoons, and comic books. Since the late 20th century, bound volumes such as graphic novels, comic albums, and tankōbon have become increasingly common, and online webcomics have proliferated in the 21st century.
The history of comics has followed different paths in different cultures. Scholars have posited a pre-history as far back as the Lascaux cave paintings. By the mid-20th century, comics flourished particularly in the United States, western Europe (especially in France and Belgium), and Japan. The history of European comics is often traced to Rodolphe Töpffer’s cartoon strips of the 1830s, and became popular following the success in the 1930s of strips and books such as The Adventures of Tintin. American comics emerged as a mass medium in the early 20th century with the advent of newspaper comic strips; magazine-style comic books followed in the 1930s, in which the superhero genre became prominent after Superman appeared in 1938. Histories of Japanese comics and cartooning (manga) propose origins as early as the 12th century. Modern comic strips emerged in Japan in the early 20th century, and the output of comics magazines and books rapidly expanded in the post-World War II era with the popularity of cartoonists such as Osamu Tezuka. Comics has had a lowbrow reputation for much of its history, but towards the end of the 20th century began to find greater acceptance with the public and in academia.
The English term comics is used as a singular noun when it refers to the medium and a plural when referring to particular instances, such as individual strips or comic books. Though the term derives from the humorous (or comic) work that predominated in early American newspaper comic strips, it has become standard also for non-humorous works. It is common in English to refer to the comics of different cultures by the terms used in their original languages, such as manga for Japanese comics, or bandes dessinées for French-language comics. There is no consensus amongst theorists and historians on a definition of comics; some emphasize the combination of images and text, some sequentiality or other image relations, and others historical aspects such as mass reproduction or the use of recurring characters. The increasing cross-pollination of concepts from different comics cultures and eras has further made definition difficult.
La localidad de Totton pertenece a la nación de Inglaterra, al condado Hampshire y al distrito New Forest.
Comic Con = convención de cómics
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El término cómic es utilizado para designar a aquellas formas de relato gráfico que se arman en base a dibujos encuadrados en viñetas. El cómic también puede ser conocido como historieta o tebeo dependiendo del lugar o región en la que se haga referencia a él. El cómic es una forma de arte que se ha popularizado especialmente en el siglo XX aunque podemos encontrar varios antecedentes de esta forma de relato en otros tiempos de la historia.
El comic puede ser definido como un relato que se arma principalmente en base a dibujos o imágenes. El mismo puede contar o no con texto pero aunque lo haga, el texto nunca ocupa un rol principal frente a los dibujos como sí lo hace en otras formas de relato tales como la novela o la poesía. El segundo plano que tiene el texto en esta forma gráfica se complementa con otros elementos tales como símbolos, onomatopeyas, formas expresivas, etc. El cómic se diagrama normalmente en viñetas (que pueden estar marcadas o no) dentro de las cuales sucede un acto o diálogo. Cada viñeta representa un momento específico de la situación contada, como también puede representar diferentes situaciones. Por lo general, es por todo esto considerado una forma de arte aunque para muchos lo sea de modo alternativo (es decir, no siguiendo los cánones tradicionales).
La presencia y popularización del cómic se debió en gran parte a su llegada al público masivo a través de la publicación de revistas, periódicos y otros medios accesibles de información. Los artistas de historietas y cómics se volvieron especialmente populares entre los niños a pesar de que muchas de las historietas estaban dirigidas a los adultos.
En los cómics podemos encontrar un sinfín de temáticas y modos de representar cada escena. Sin embargo, son populares las historias de superhéroes, de personajes fantásticos y míticos, las situaciones exageradas, absurdas, llenas de expresividad (violencia, temor, amor, pasión).