206 Mexico’s Traditional Independence Day Military Parade, Mexico City, part 2…206 Desfile Militar Conmemorativo del 16 de Septiembre, Ciudad de México, parte 2

Text credits:
http://www.umos.org/special_events/PDF/MexicanIndependenceHistory.pdf
The Story of Hidalgo’s Call for Mexican Independence (adapted from
http://www.mexonline.com)
Shortly before dawn on September 15, 1810,
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla made a monumentous decision that revolutionized the course
of Mexican history. Hidalgo, a Catholic priest in the village of Dolores, ordered the arrest
of Dolores’ native Spaniards. Then Hidalgo rang the church bell as he customarily did to
call the Indians to mass. Hidalgo called the Indians and mestizos to retaliate against the
hated gachopines, or native Spaniards, who had exploited and oppressed Mexicans for ten
generations.
Although a movement toward Mexican independence had already been in progress since
Napoleon’s conquest of Spain, Hidalgo’s passionate declaration was a swift, unplanned
decision.”Mexicanos, Viva México!” Hidalgo told the Mexicans who were the members
of New Spain’s lowest caste. He urged the exploited Mexicans to recover the lands stolen
from their forefathers. Hidalgo’s call to revolution was a radical contrast to the original
revolutionary plot devised by the criollos (Mexican-born Spaniards).
Groups of criollos across Mexico had been plotting to overthrow the authority of
gachopines who, because of their Spanish nativity, had legal and social priority over the
criollos. When Joseph Bonaparte replaced King Ferdinand as the leader of Spain, the
criollos recognized a prime opportunity for Mexican sovereignity. The nucleus of this
movement was a group of intellectuals in Querétaro led by the corregidor of Querétaro,
his wife and a group of army officers distinguished by the adventurous Ignacio Allende.
Gachopines were alerted to the criollos independence movement by criollo officers who
had refused to join the revolutionary movement and by a priest who had learned of the
plot through a confessional. Hidalgo was among the central figures targeted for arrest on
September 13, 1810. The Querétaro corregidor’s wife informed the criollos of the
gachopines plan. Allende immediately departed from Quértaro to inform Hidalgo.
Allende arrived in Dolores in the early morning hours of September 16. His message
forced Hidalgo to make the most signficant decision of his life, a decision which marked
the first struggle for Mexican independence and that would distinguish Hidalgo as the
national hero of the revolution. When Hidalgo called the Indians to action, he tapped into
powerful forces that had been simmering for over three hundred years. With clubs, slings,
axes, knives, and machetes, the Indians took on the challenge of the Spanish artillery.
When the Indian and mestizo forces, led by Hidalgo and Allende, reached the next village
en route to Mexico City, they acquired a picture of the Virgin of Guadalupe, the patron
saint whose image was of a woman of color. The Virgin of Guadalupe, who was
indigenous to Mexico, became the banner of the revolutionary forces as Hidalgo and
Allende led the path toward Mexico City and the expulsion of the gachopines.
Eleven years of war, decades of despotic Mexican rulers and political unrest proceeded
Hidalgo’s cry of Dolores. Yet throughout the years of turmoil, El Grito de Dolores,
“Mexicanos, viva México,” has persevered. Every year at midnight on September 15,
Mexicans shout the grito, honoring the crucial, impulsive action that was the catalyst for
the country’s bloody struggle for independence from Spain.

Español
Créditos de este texto:
http://www.publimetro.com.mx/noticias/asi-fue-el-desfile-militar-del-16-de-septiembre/mpip!6LOj6PsEwbjYI/
El presidente Enrique Peña Nieto presenció el desfile conmemorativo del 206 aniversario del inicio de Independencia de México, que concluyó con el reporte “sin novedad”, que le informó el comandante del contingente, Noé Sandoval Alcázar. Desde el balcón central de Palacio Nacional, por casi dos horas, el titular del Ejecutivo federal dio seguimiento a la parada militar, con la que se conmemoraron también 100 años de la industria militar y 50 del Plan DN-3, de ayuda a la población ante contingencias.
En su calidad de Comandante Supremo de las Fuerzas Armadas, con la Banda Presidencial en el pecho, Peña Nieto continuó así con la celebración de la gesta heroica de Independencia, que inició ayer con el tradicional “grito” y la arenga en honor de los héroes que nos dieron Patria.
El mandatario salió a pie, en punto de las 11:00 horas, por la puerta principal de Palacio Nacional, para izar la Bandera de México en el asta Bandera de la Plaza de la Constitución, acompañado por los secretarios de la Defensa Nacional, Salvador Cienfuegos Zepeda; de Marina, Vidal Francisco Soberón Sanz; y el jefe del Estado Mayor Presidencial, General Roberto Miranda. También caminaron con él, los presidentes de la Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación, Luis María Aguilar; y de las mesas directivas del Senado, el ecologista Pablo Escudero; y de la Cámara de Diputados, el panista Edmundo Javier Bolaños.
Enseguida, a bordo de un vehículo militar, pasó revista a los contingentes del desfile, y volvió a Palacio Nacional, para ubicarse en el balcón central, desde donde dio su anuencia para el inicio de la parada militar, con una demostración de paracaidistas que después de diversas maniobras, bajaron en la plancha de la Plaza de la Constitución.
El Comandante de la Columna del desfile informó que participaron una Bandera monumental, 48 Banderas de guerra, 23 mil 471 elementos de la columna del desfile y parada aérea del Ejército, Armada y Fuerza Aérea Mexicanos, de la Policía Federal, Asociación Nacional de Charros y Federación Mexicana de Charrería. Además, participaron 149 aeronaves, 448 vehículos, 23 embarcaciones, 35 aves, 266 caballos y 65 canes, en un tiempo de una hora 58 minutos, “sin novedad”.

2 thoughts on “206 Mexico’s Traditional Independence Day Military Parade, Mexico City, part 2…206 Desfile Militar Conmemorativo del 16 de Septiembre, Ciudad de México, parte 2

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