Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire on the south coast of England, and is situated 75 miles (121 km) south-west of London and 19 miles (31 km) north-west of Portsmouth. Southampton is a major port and the closest city to the New Forest. It lies at the northernmost point of Southampton Water at the confluence of the River Test and River Itchen, with the River Hamble joining to the south of the urban area. The city, which is a unitary authority, has an estimated population of 253,651. The city’s name is sometimes abbreviated in writing to “So’ton” or “Soton”, and a resident of Southampton is called a Sotonian.
Significant employers in the city of Southampton include The University of Southampton, Southampton Solent University, Southampton Airport, Ordnance Survey, BBC South, the NHS, ABP and Carnival UK. Southampton is noted for its association with the RMS Titanic, the Spitfire and more generally in the World War II narrative as one of the departure points for D-Day, and more recently as the home port of a number of the largest cruise ships in the world. Southampton has a large shopping centre and retail park called WestQuay. In October 2014, the City Council approved a follow-up from the WestQuay park, called WestQuay Watermark. Construction by Sir Robert McAlpine commenced in January 2015. Hammerson, the owners of the retail park, aim to have at least 1,550 people employed on its premises at year-end 2016.
In the 2011 census Southampton and Portsmouth were recorded as being parts of separate urban areas, however by the time of the 2011 census they had merged to become the sixth largest built-up area in England with a population of 855,569. This built-up area is part of the metropolitan area known as South Hampshire, which is also known as Solent City, particularly in the media when discussing local governance organisational changes. With a population of over 1.5 million this makes the region one of the United Kingdom’s most populous metropolitan areas.
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Southampton es una ciudad y autoridad unitaria del sur de Inglaterra y uno de los principales puertos del Reino Unido. Está situada aproximadamente a mitad de camino entre Portsmouth y Bournemouth, y unos 110 km al sudoeste de Londres. Es la ciudad más cercana al Parque Nacional de New Forest. Se encuentra en el extremo norte de Southampton Water, en la desembocadura de los ríos Test e Itchen. Su puerto es famoso por haber sido el punto de partida del Titanic en su trágico viaje inaugural. La mayor parte de su casco histórico fue destruida por los bombardeos alemanes durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Está hermanada con el pueblo de Caudete, perteneciente a la provincia de Albacete.