Just like any other developed country, modern Mexican dress has similarities to popular styles and garments worn around the world today. However, the deep cultural roots in Mexico uncover unique traditional outfits found nowhere else.
Traditional Mexican clothing combines native and European elements. The fibers of choice across the country are cotton, bark and agave (which were known and used by native Mexican pre-Hispanic civilizations to make their clothes), as well as wool and silk (introduced by the Spanish later).
In the past, Mexican clothing was dyed with natural components found in local plants, but as soon as aniline dyes were brought from Europe they became the first dying choice.
Aztec clothing of ancient times was often loose fitting and colorful. The array of colors was due in part to the extensive trading network. While in their teens, Aztec women were taught to weave by hand, and primarily used cotton or ayate fiber.
These ornate tunics are traditional garments that date back to the indigenous women of central Mexico and Central America. It is not uncommon to find a Huipil adorned with ribbons, lace, and other intricate designs.
A form of military armor, this Mesoamerican garment was comprised of multiple layers of thick braided cotton, usually made stronger with brine. An effective Ichcahuipilli would slow and stop arrows.
The Rebozo is the modern take on the Tilmàtli, an ancient Aztec cloak. Much more reserved than its ancient counterpart, the Rebozo, unlike the Tilmàtli, it is to be worn over clothing rather than on its own. What makes this item so unique is that it functions as a number of different garments. Simply by tying, folding, or orienting it in a different way, a Rebozo can act as a shawl, blouse, shroud, or a cape if desired.
Another iconic piece of clothing with origins in Central and South America is the Poncho. Use of the Poncho dates as far back as 500 B.C., before Spanish colonization. Initially designed out of materials such as wool or fleece, Ponchos were intended to keep the wearer warm and dry even in the wettest of climates. Their exceptional effectiveness at this task led to a cheap plastic adaptation as they have quickly become a must in wetter climates.
Although most Ponchos today are practical in function, more expensive manufacturers have gone the route of creating fashionable statements through elaborate and unique designs.
Créditos de este texto: Sandra Fernández Arenas
Los trajes típicos de México son el resultado de una mezcla entre la cultura indígena y la española, así como vestigios de los indios, aztecas, mayas y otros grupos indígenas ancestrales. A pesar de que internacionalmente, el traje más conocido es el de charro o mariachi, existen otros trajes que representan no solo la cultura del país, sino los hábitos de los más de 60 millones de habitantes con los que cuenta México. El folklore del país se puede ver reflejado a través de elaborados atuendos que mezclan una amplia gama de colores con bordados tejidos a mano y otras creaciones artesanales.