Palace of Fine Arts, Mexico City, last part…..Palacio de Bellas Artes,Ciudad de México, última parte

Palace of Fine Arts (Palacio de Bellas Artes)
Considered one of the world’s most beautiful buildings, the Mexico City Palace of Fine Arts – or Palacio de Bellas Artes – is a harmonious synthesis of Art Nouveau, Art Deco, and Baroque styles, a style sometimes called “Porfiriano,” after architecture-obsessed Mexican President Porfirio Díaz, who commissioned the project.
The exterior, surrounded with gardens, rises in elegant columns and domes above the cool, green Alameda Central. Inside, it is an exceptional art exhibition, filled with a permanent collection of statues, murals, and other outstanding ornamentation. In addition, there are regular world-class art exhibitions open to the public.
In addition to its daytime attractions, you can appreciate the building’s acoustic excellence by enjoying a performance at its National Theater. International artists appear regularly, but try to catch Mexico City’s own Ballet Folklórico de México Compania Nacional or National Symphonic Orchestra.
Practical Info
It is possible to visit the Mexico City Palace of Fine Arts by taxi or car, as there are pricey private parking lots close by. However, the congested neighborhoods surrounding the Alameda Central are much more easily visited on Metro Lines 2 and 8; the Bellas Artes stop opens right onto the Palace.

http://www.viator.com/Mexico-City-attractions/Palace-of-Fine-Arts-Palacio-de-Bellas-Artes/d628-a3268

Palace of Fine Arts
Zona: Historical Centre
Address: Eje Central corner Juárez Avenue
Subway: Bellas Artes
Opened Tuesday to Sunday from 9:00 to 16:30 hrs.
Telephone: (55) 5512 1410
Maximum forum of art and culture in Mexico, the Palace of Fine Arts surprises Mexicans and foreigners alike with its ostentatious architecture, in which two styles come together in a harmonious and elegant fashion: the Art Nouveau of its exterior with the Art Deco of its interior.
The construction of the Palace of Fine Arts began in 1904 with a proposal by the Italian architect Adamo Boari to create a new national theatre that would take part in the celebrations of the 100th Anniversary of Mexico’s Independence. This proposal was promoted by President Porfirio Díaz who had brought to the city some of its most remarkable monuments like the Angel of Independence and the Hemicycle to Juárez. The new National Theatre was conceived to be one of the largest in the world and expected to be in the same league as important forums like the Opera of Paris. Nevertheless, the project was postponed by the outbreak of the Mexican Revolution in 1910, leaving behind an eclectic dream built in Carrara marble and the magnificent crystal curtain designed by the prestigious firm Tiffany’s, which serves as a background for the presentations of diverse national and international orchestras who visit the palace.
Years later, during the government of President Pascual Ortíz Rubio, it was decided the construction of the building should be resumed, and the project was given to the Mexican architect Federico Mariscal, author of other architectonic jewels of the Art Deco style in Mexico, like the ‘La Nacional’ building. This architect had the difficult task of reconciling the Art Nouveau of the exterior with the architectonic styles of the time, achieving a wonderful integration between both and creating one of the most outstanding Art Deco interiors in the world, with the use of lamps and details which were inspired in Mexico’s indigenous past. The interior walls were decorated with works by the most outstanding Mexican muralists of the time like Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros, José Clemente Orozco, Juan O’Gorman and Rufino Tamayo, among others.
In this magnificent building a great number of artistic and cultural activities take place; from painting, sculpture and architecture exhibitions, to its famous opera presentations and classical music concerts, as well as classic ballet and the folkloric ballet of Amalia Hernández. The plaza located outside the main entrance deserves a special mention; in it, the famous ‘Pegaso’ sculptures can be appreciated contrasting with the modern beauty of the neighboring Latin-American Tower.

http://www.mexicocity-guide.com/attractions/fine_arts.htm

Español
Palacio de Bellas Artes
Zona: Centro Histórico
Dirección: Eje Central esquina Avenida Juárez
Metro: Bellas Artes
Horario: Martes a Domingo de 9:00 a 16:30 hrs.
Teléfono: (55) 5512 1410
Foro máximo del arte y la cultura en México, el Palacio de Bellas Artes sorprende a propios y extraños por la fastuosidad de su arquitectura en la que se integran de manera armónica y elegante dos estilos al parecer imposibles, el Art Nouveau de su exterior con el Art Deco del interior.
La construcción del Palacio de Bellas Artes inició en 1904 como una propuesta del arquitecto italiano Adamo Boari para crear un nuevo teatro nacional que formaría parte de los festejos por el centenario de la Independencia de México, promovido por el entonces presidente Don Porfirio Díaz que legó a la ciudad algunos de sus más notables monumentos como el Ángel de la Independencia o el Hemiciclo a Juárez. El nuevo Teatro Nacional estaba concebido para ser uno de los mayores del mundo y estar a la altura de foros tan importantes como la Ópera de París. Sin embargo el proyecto se vio retrasado por el estallido de la Revolución Mexicana de 1910, por lo que de ese sueño ecléctico construido en mármol de Carrara solo quedó todo el exterior y el magnífico telón de cristal diseñado por la prestigiosa firma Tiffany’s que sirve de fondo a las presentaciones de las diversas orquestas nacionales e internacionales que ahí se presentan.
Años más tarde, durante el gobierno del presidente Pascual Ortiz Rubio, se decidió continuar la construcción del recinto, encargando el proyecto al destacado arquitecto mexicano Federico Mariscal, autor de otras joyas arquitectónicas Art Deco de la Ciudad de México como el Edificio La Nacional. Este arquitecto tuvo a su cargo la difícil tarea de conciliar el estilo Art Nouveau del exterior con las corrientes arquitectónicas de la época, llevando a cabo una magnífica integración entre ambas y legando uno de los interiores Art Deco más destacados del mundo con el uso de lámparas y detalles inspirados en el pasado indígena que engrandecen el vestíbulo y la sala principal. Asimismo los muros del interior fueron decorados con obras de los más destacados muralistas mexicanos la época como Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros, José Clemente Orozco, Juan O´Gorman y Rufino Tamayo entre otros.
En este magnífico edificio se llevan a cabo un gran número de actividades artísticas y culturales que van desde exposiciones de pintura, escultura y arquitectura hasta sus famosas presentaciones de ópera y música de concierto sin dejar al lado el ballet clásico y el ballet folklórico de Amalia Hernández. Mención especial merece la plaza localizada en la entrada principal donde pueden apreciarse las famosas esculturas de Pegaso que constrastan con la moderna belleza de la vecina Torre Latinoamericana que le da al lugar un toque cosmopolita.

http://www.ciudadmexico.com.mx/atractivos/palacio_de_%20bellas_%20artes.htm

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