Constitutional Court of South Africa…..Corte de Justicia de Sudáfrica

Constitutional Court of South Africa

Constitutional Court building

The Constitutional Court of South Africa is a supreme constitutional court established by the Constitution of South Africa. It was originally the final appellate court for constitutional matters. Since the enactment of the Superior Courts Act, the Constitutional Court has jurisdiction to hear any matter if it is in the interests of justice for it to do so.

The court was first established by the Interim Constitution of 1993, and its first session began in February 1995. It has continued in existence under the Constitution of 1996. The court sits in the city of Johannesburg; since February 2004 it has occupied a purpose-built complex on Constitution Hill.

The Constitutional Court consists of eleven judges who are appointed by the President of South Africa from a list drawn up by the Judicial Service Commission. The judges serve for a term of twelve years. The court is headed by the Chief Justice of South Africa and the Deputy Chief Justice. The duty of the judges is to uphold the law and the constitution, which they must apply impartially and without fear, favour or prejudice.

The constitution requires that a matter before the court be heard by at least eight judges. In practice, all eleven judges hear almost every case. Decisions are reached by a majority vote of the judges sitting in a case. Each judge must indicate his or her decision, and the reasons for the decision are published in a written judgment.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitutional_Court_of_South_Africa

Español

“Mi abuela nos enseñó a decir adiós cuando íbamos de compras al pueblo, porque nunca sabíamos si regresaríamos o no. Solíamos decir, “si no me ves, búscame en el Número Cuatro” – Nolundi Ntamo, ex-infractor

Desde que fue construida en 1982, la prisión Old Fort se volvió famosa como un lugar de castigo, confinamiento y abuso. Bajo el apartheid, el complejo carcelario tuvo prisioneros políticos como Mahatma Gandhi y el expresidente Nelson Mandela así como prisioneros comunes. La prisión era famosa por la brutalidad, la humillación y la opresión.

Pero en 1996, en un movimiento altamente simbólico, el nuevo gobierno de una “Nueva Sudáfrica” seleccionó este sitio donde la justicia fue una vez derogada como el hogar de la Corte Constitucional del país donde la justicia debe prevalecer.

Las prisiones fueron transformadas en un museo contando la historia de lo que allí ocurrió. Hoy visitantes pueden debatir preguntas de la justicia de entonces y de ahora y promulgar sus visiones para Sudáfrica a través de los seminarios públicos y diálogos del museo, así como de programas educacionales para profesores y estudiantes en aspectos como Democracia, Derechos Humanos, y la constitución de Sudáfrica.

Constitution Hill
11 Kotze Street • Braamfontein 2017 • SUDÁFRICA
http://www.constitutionhill.org.za/

http://www.sitesofconscience.org/es/founders/constitution-hill-2/

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