Lausanne is a city in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, and the capital of the canton of Vaud. The city is situated on the shores of Lake Geneva (French: Lac Léman, or simply Le Léman). It faces the French town of Évian-les-Bains, with the Jura mountains to its north-west. Lausanne is located 62 kilometres (38.5 miles) northeast of Geneva.
Lausanne has a population (as of December 2013) of 139,390, making it the fourth largest city in Switzerland, with the entire agglomeration area having 345,300 inhabitants (as of December 2012). The metropolitan area of Lausanne-Geneva (including Vevey-Montreux, Yverdon-les-Bains, and foreign parts) was over 1.2 million inhabitants in 2000.
Lausanne is a focus of international sport, hosting the International Olympic Committee (which recognizes the city as the “Olympic Capital” since 1994), the Court of Arbitration for Sport and some 55 international sport associations. It lies in a noted wine-growing region. The city has a 28-station metro system, making it the smallest city in the world to have a rapid transit system.
The Cathedral of Notre Dame of Lausanne is a church situated in the city of Lausanne, in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland. It belongs to the Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton of Vaud.
Construction of the Cathedral began as early as 1170 by an original unknown master mason. Twenty years later another master mason restarted construction until 1215. Finally a third engineer, Jean Cotereel, completed the majority of the existing cathedral including a porch, and two towers, one of which is the current day belfry. The other tower was never completed. The cathedral was consecrated in 1275 by Pope Gregory X, Rudolph of Hasbourg, and the bishop of Lausanne at the time, Guillaume of Champvent. The medieval architect Villard de Honnecourt drew the rose window of the south transept in his sketchbook in 1270. The Protestant Reformation, a powerful religious movement which swept down from Zurich, significantly affected the Cathedral. In 1536 a new liturgical area was added to the nave and the colourful decorations inside the Cathedral were covered over. Other major restorations occurred later in the 18th and 19th century which were directed by the great French architect, Eugène-Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc. During the 20th century major restorations occurred to restore the painted interior decorations as well as to restore a painted portal on the South side of the Cathedral. New organs were installed in 2003.
The Old Town of Lausanne has imposing buildings dating back to the Middle Ages, such as the famous Cathedral of Notre-Dame. The charming city on Lake Geneva has a lot to offer otherwise as well. For instance, Switzerland’s first subterranean mountain train.
Notre-Dame Cathedral is the queen of the Old Town of Lausanne. The cathedral is considered to be an important Gothic edifice. The rose window dating back to the 13th century is especially important.
The cathedral is surrounded by the Old Town of Lausanne, including Maire Castle, which was built between 1397 and 1427 and the 17th century town hall. The Ale Tower, which was built in 1340, and the tower of the bishop’s castle in Ouchy, dating back to the 12th century, are the last remnants of the medieval city wall, which had about 50 towers. One travels most comfortably between the various parts of the city of Lausanne using the Metro, a subway which runs underground most of the time and is remote controlled, the first of its kind in Switzerland.
Lausana (oficialmente en francés Lausanne) es una ciudad y comuna suiza capital del cantón de Vaud y del distrito de Lausana. Se encuentra situada a orillas del lago Lemán frente a la ciudad francesa de Évian-les-Bains.
Lausana es la cuarta ciudad más poblada de Suiza tras las ciudades de Zúrich, Ginebra y Basilea. En Romandía es la segunda ciudad después de Ginebra. La ciudad es conocida como la Capital Olímpica ya que es sede del Comité Olímpico Internacional, además del también deportivo Museo Olímpico. A fin de 2012, Lausana contaba con 141 885 habitantes, sumando un total de 426 067 habitantes en su área metropolitana.
El casco antiguo de Lausana alberga impresionantes construcciones de la Edad Media, como la famosa catedral de Notre-Dame. Pero, aparte de ella, esta encantadora ciudad a orillas del lago de Ginebra también tiene mucho que ofrecer, como por ejemplo el primer metro de montaña de Suiza.
La reina del casco antiguo de Lausana es la catedral de Notre-Dame, considerada como una de las obras más importantes del gótico. Una mención especial merece su rosetón de principios del siglo XIII.
Alrededor de la catedral está el casco antiguo de Lausana con el castillo de St-Maire, construido entre 1397 y 1427, y el edificio del ayuntamiento del siglo XVII. La torre Ale-Turm del 1340 y la torre del castillo episcopal en Ouchy, del siglo XII, son los últimos testimonios de la muralla medieval y sus casi 50 torres. La manera más cómoda para desplazarse entre los diferentes barrios de Lausana es el metro. Su trazado es completamente subterráneo y constituye el primer metro controlado a distancia de toda Suiza.