Metropolitan Cathedral, Mexico City…Catedral Metropolitana, Ciudad de México

DSC00295

The ultimate landmark of colonial architecture in the American continent, Mexico City’s Metropolitan Cathedral stands majestically in the capital’s Square as the largest Cathedral in Latin America and one of the most emblematic Christian temples in the world.
The history of the Cathedral is also the history of Mexico in the time of the Viceroyalty, and a stone narrative of its diverse architectonical styles. Built across three centuries, we can recognize Renaissance, Baroque and Neoclassical elements which harmoniously come together to form a piece of great cultural and spatial richness, unique in its genre.
The first stone of the Cathedral was placed by Hernán Cortes in 1524 in an act of great symbolic significance, as it was placed at the crossing of the avenues which, from the four cardinal points, lead to the spiritual centre of the Aztec capital. It was built using the stones that had once been a part of the Templo Mayor of the Great Tenochtitlán.
In 1547 this temple was declared a Cathedral by the Holy See. Years later, the original building was demolished and the foundational stone of the new Cathedral was placed by the Archbishop Pedro Moya and Virrey Martín Enríquez. In 1623, after three decades of work in the interior, the construction of the Sacristy was concluded; a spectacular enclosure that holds many religious treasures and murals of two of the most outstanding painters in the ’New Spain’, Juan Correa and Cristóbal de Villalpando. The rest of the interior was concluded forty-four years later, and the building was inaugurated on December 22nd 1667.
http://www.mexicocity-guide.com/attractions/cathedral%20.htm

Obra máxima de la arquitectura colonial en el continente americano, la Catedral Metropolitana de la Ciudad de México se erige majestuosa, en el Zócalo capitalino como la catedral más grande de Latinoamérica y uno de los templos más emblemáticos de la cristiandad en el mundo.
La historia de la Catedral Metropolitana es también la historia del México Virreinal y una narración en piedra de sus diferentes estilos arquitectónicos. Construida a lo largo de tres centurias, en esta obra podemos reconocer elementos renacentistas, barrocos y neoclásicos que entrelazándose de manera armoniosa forman en conjunto una obra de gran riqueza cultural y espacial única en su género.
La primera piedra de la Catedral fue colocada por Hernán Cortes en 1524 en en un acto de gran significado simbólico al situarla en el cruce de las calzadas que desde los cuatro puntos cardinales conducían al centro espiritual de la capital azteca, utilizando en su construcción las piedras que habían formado parte del Templo Mayor de la Gran Tenochtitlan hasta antes de su destrucción.
http://www.ciudadmexico.com.mx/atractivos/catedral.htm

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s