Museo Nacional de Antropología

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The Museo Nacional de Antropología (MNA, or National Museum of Anthropology) is a national museum of Mexico. It is the most visited museum in Mexico. Located in the area between Paseo de la Reforma and Calle Mahatma Gandhi within Chapultepec Park in Mexico City, the museum contains significant archaeological and anthropological artifacts from the pre-Columbian heritage of Mexico, such as the Piedra del Sol (the “Stone of the Sun” or Aztec calendar stone) and the 16th-century Aztec statue of Xochipilli.
Designed in 1964 by Pedro Ramírez Vázquez, Jorge Campuzano and Rafael Mijares, it has an impressive architecture with exhibition halls surrounding a patio with a huge pond and a vast square concrete umbrella supported by a single slender pillar (known as “el paraguas”, Spanish for “the umbrella”) around which splashes an artificial cascade. The halls are ringed by gardens, many of which contain outdoor exhibits. The museum has 23 rooms for exhibits and covers an area of 79,700 square meters (almost 8 hectares) or 857,890 square feet (almost 20 acres).
Opened in 1964 by President Adolfo López Mateos, the museum has a number of significant exhibits, such as the Stone of the Sun (depicted below), giant stone heads of the Olmec civilization that were found in the jungles of Tabasco and Veracruz, treasures recovered from the Maya civilization, at the Sacred Cenote at Chichen Itza, a replica of the sarcophagal lid from Pacal’s tomb at Palenque and ethnological displays of contemporary rural Mexican life. It also has a model of the location and layout of the former Aztec capital Tenochtitlan, the site of which is now occupied by the central area of modern-day Mexico City itself.
The museum also hosts visiting exhibits, generally focusing on other of the world’s great cultures. Past exhibits have focused on ancient Iran, Greece, China, Egypt, Russia, and Spain.
Original Aztec Stone of the Sun on display in the museum.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museo_Nacional_de_Antropolog%C3%ADa

El Museo Nacional de Antropología (MNA) es uno de los recintos museográficos más importantes de México y de América Latina.2 Está concebido para albergar y exhibir el legado arqueológico de los pueblos de Mesoamérica, así como para dar cuenta de la diversidad étnica actual del país. El edificio actual del MNA fue construido entre 1963 y 1964 en el Bosque de Chapultepec por instrucción del presidente Adolfo López Mateos, quien lo inauguró el 17 de septiembre de 1964. Actualmente, el edificio del MNA posee 23 salas de exposición permanente, 1 sala de exposiciones temporales y dos auditorios. Además alberga el acervo de la Biblioteca Nacional de Antropología.
La colección del Museo Nacional de Antropología está conformada por numerosas piezas arqueológicas y etnográficas provenientes de todo México. Entre algunas de las piezas más emblemáticas de la colección se cuenta la Piedra del Sol —que es el corazón mismo del museo—, las monumentales esculturas teotihuacanas dedicadas a los dioses del agua, el tesoro de la tumba del rey Pakal, así como un atlante tolteca traído desde Tollan-Xicocotitlan y el Monolito de Tláloc que custodia la entrada al museo.
El MNA constituye uno de los principales sitios de interés turístico de México. Atrae cada año a más de dos millones de visitantes.
http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museo_Nacional_de_Antropolog%C3%ADa_(México)

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