Ferney-Voltaire

Ginebra 2011 625

Ferney-Voltaire is a commune in the Ain department in eastern France.
It lies between the Jura mountains and the Swiss border and forms part of the metropolitan area of Geneva.
Statue of Voltaire in town’s center
From 1759 to 1778 Ferney was home to French writer and philosopher Voltaire, sometimes referred to as “the patriarch of Ferney.”[1] His influence on the town was profound. He built the local church and founded cottage industries that produced some of the finest potters and watchmakers of modern France. After the French Revolution, the town was renamed “Ferney-Voltaire” in his honor.
In 1759, after having lived in Geneva less than two years, Voltaire had purchased the estate of Ferney in France, near the Swiss border. A prime reason for his leaving Geneva was that theatre was forbidden in that Calvinist city, so he had decided to become the enlightened “patriarch” of the little village of Ferney, setting up potteries, a watchmaking industry and, of course, theaters, attracting rich people from Geneva to watch his plays.
During Voltaire’s residence, the population of Ferney increased to more than 1,000. Voltaire lived there for the last 20 years of his life before returning to Paris, where he died in 1778.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferney-Voltaire

Ferney-Voltaire es un municipio francés situado en el departamento de Ain. La ciudad se encuentra en la frontera con Suiza y forma parte de la aglomeración de Ginebra.
Ferney, inicialmente Fernex, tomó el nombre de Ferney-Voltaire en 1878 en homenaje a Voltaire, que residió allí a partir de 1755. A su llegada, el pueblo apenas contaba una centena de habitantes. Voltaire saneó las zonas pantanosas e hizo construir el castillo, la iglesia y numerosas casas, invitando artistas para que se instalaran. No exageramos si decimos que sin Voltaire, Ferney hubiese seguido siendo un pueblecito en la actualidad. Cuando murió en 1778 Ferney tenía ya 1.000 habitantes.
Ferney es visitado hoy en día por su castillo de Voltaire, adquirido por Francia en 1998.
El cantón tiene 8 municipios y 28.000 habitantes. Muchos de ellos trabajan en territorio suizo, en particular en las numerosas organizaciones internacionales instaladas en Ginebra.
Debemos a Fréderic Lenormand una novela que tieneo a Ferney por decorado, basada en una anécdota histórica. Voltaire acoge a una descendiente de Pierre Corneille hundida en la miseria y la educa según sus principios filosóficos, con la intención de hacer de ella una verdadera hija de las luces.
http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferney-Voltaire

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