Lyon France… Francia

Ginebra 2011 147

Denis Trouxe, President of the Grand Lyon Tourist Office takes us on a guided tour of the city’s 2000-year history
Lyon was listed on the UNESCO world heritage of humanity register in 1998. At the time I was Director of Culture and Heritage for the City of Lyon and was in charge of our application. The commitment and support shown by the people of Lyon for this candidacy was incredible and it’s perhaps this which made a vital difference in comparison with the other applicant cities. This listing is a source of great pride to Lyon’s inhabitants. Being registered in the urban site category means that Lyon has been officially recognised as one of the world’s finest cities!
In all, 500 hectares have been listed and in particular four districts which superbly represent Lyon’s history. Fourvière, the first of the historical sites, gives us a very accurate idea of the ancient world in Lyon thanks to its Gallo-Roman site. Old Lyon is a magnificent mediaeval and Renaissance district. La Croix-Rousse was listed for its industrial heritage, concerned mainly with the silk industry. Finally, the Presqu’île area features an architectural style typical of the 19th century. UNESCO chose Lyon as this is a city which has been faithfully preserved throughout the years. Nothing has been destroyed in these districts. Lyon’s construction has always been based on the outskirts, expanding outwards, as is the case today with the superb new Confluence district.
Firstly I love its well preserved historical areas! As an example, while strolling through Old Lyon, I can easily imagine myself back in the Middle Ages or the Renaissance! This is also a modestly sized city and not at all stifling. Finally, Lyon is a living, human city, where people still live in the most popular tourist areas and in no way could be described as a “museum city”. To get a feel for this, I would strongly advise that you come along to Lyon and climb Fourvière hill to admire our town. You certainly won’t be disappointed, as this is a truly magical spot!
http://www.en.lyon-france.com/Discover-Lyon/Culture-History/UNESCO-Heritage-Sites

El 5 de diciembre de 1998, la UNESCO declaró a más de 500 hectáreas de Lyon “Patrimonio Mundial de la Humanidad”, gracias a su riqueza arquitectónica y urbana.
En unas 500 hectáreas, toda la historia de Lyon desarrollada sin interrupción durante 2.000 años.
Este territorio ha permanecido habitado, vivo y animado durante todo este período.
Agrupa cuatro grandes barrios vecinos:
La colina de Fourvière, donde se fundó Lyon en el año 43 a.C
El Vieux-Lyon, corazón del Lyon renacentista
La Presqu’île, que va desde Perrache a Terreaux
La colina de la Croix Rousse, donde se desarrolló la industria de la seda en el siglo XIX.
Cathédrale St Jean, Fourvière en arrière plan
“Lyon, claro ejemplo de establecimiento humano, representa un testimonio excepcional de la continuidad de la instalación urbana durante más de dos milenios”, ha declarado el Comité del Patrimonio de la Humanidad de la Unesco.
En la mayoría de las ciudades europeas, los barrios se han desarrollado reconstruyéndose en un mismo lugar.
En Lyon, los barrios se han ido extendiendo hacia el Este durante los siglos.
Desde la colina de Fourvière, franquean poco a poco el Saona y después el Ródano.
Este desarrollo poco común permite diferenciar, incluso hoy, los antiguos barrios de los nuevos, y comprender así la evolución de la ciudad a lo largo de los siglos.
Place du Change, Vieux-Lyon
En nuestros días, el casco histórico de Lyon sigue siendo el corazón de la ciudad, animado por sus restaurantes, hoteles, comercios, espacios culturales y de ocio.
La modernización y la revalorización de sus inmuebles continúan, sacando el máximo partido de sus plazas, colinas y ríos.
http://www.es.lyon-france.com/Historia-e-Cultura/Unesco

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