Mayan Emperor Pakal’s heads at Paseo Montejo

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Pakal the Great, political ruler and living god for the ancient Maya
Mayan Emperor Pakal the Great was born on March 603, he was ruler of the Mayan city of Palenque in the Late Classic period of pre-Columbian Mesoamerican chronology. His full name was K’inich Janaab’ Pakal.
During a long reign of approximately 68 years, Pakal was responsible for the construction or extension of some of Palenque’s most notable surviving inscriptions and monumental architecture.
Pakal ascended the throne at age 12 in July 615, and lived to the age of 80, dying in August 683.
The stairway leading down to Pakal’s tomb, within the main building in the Palenque archeological site (known as The Temple of Inscriptions), was discovered by Mexican archeologist Alberto Ruz Lhuillier in 1948, but was finally uncovered in 1952.
His skeletal remains were still lying in his coffin, wearing a jade mask and bead necklaces. The tomb contained spectacular works of art, some of the most spectacular art yet found in the Maya world.
Pakal expanded Palenque’s power in the western part of the Maya states and initiated a building program at his capital that produced some of Maya civilization’s finest art and architecture.
When Pakal’s tomb was opened, a huge sculpture of his head made of stucco was found underneath his sarcophagus, resembling the man’s face at age 30.
The focus of Maya courtly art was the person of the king, seen as both political ruler and living god. Noble images like this one served to promote his absolute power.That face seems familiar…

The face of Pakal has become an iconic image and representation of the Maya Culture worldwide.
During this edition of the FICMaya, Pakal’s heads have been scattered along the Paseo de Montejo, decorated in different colors and textures, using the image as a symbol for this Festival.
Take a stroll along this beautiful avenue, and you will be able to see them all.
http://www.theyucatantimes.com/2013/10/pakal-the-great-political-ruler-and-living-god-for-the-ancient-maya/

Exposiciones en Montejo permanecerán hasta el 4 de diciembre
2013-11-25 08:07:49
Fotografías y cabezas del rey Pakal
Con motivo del Festival Internacional de la Cultura Maya (FICMaya 2013), que vino a inaugurar el Presidente Enrique Peña Nieto el 17 de octubre, el Gobierno del Estado mandó colocar en el Paseo de Montejo una exposición de fotografías de paisajes de la Entidad y unas cabezas mayas estilizadas de colores.
En el programa de la FICMaya 2013 se informó que esas efigies corresponden a una exposición que se llamó “Cabezas gigantes de Pakal”, en alusión al rey maya que gobernó la zona que hoy se conoce como Palenque.
La muestra, que a algunas personas les ha parecido “feas” o de “mal gusto”, porque se trata de cabezas coloridas, es un homenaje a K’inich Janaab’ Pakal o Pakal “el Grande”, el cual gobernó el ajawlel o señorío maya de B’aakal, cuya sede era Lakam Ha’, ahora conocida como la zona arqueológica de Palenque, en Chiapas.
Pocas personas saben que cuando el arqueólogo Alberto Ruiz Lhuillier pudo por fin abrir la tumba de ese gobernante maya el domingo 15 de junio de 1952, debajo del sarcófago hallaron también una escultura realizada en estuco de la cabeza de K’inich Janaab’ Pakal que lo representa a la edad de treinta años.
Esa escultura se encuentra en una de las salas del Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia y las cabezas que hay en el Paseo de Montejo ciertamente se parecen a ella, sólo que los creadores de las actuales se tomaron el atrevimiento de pintarlas de colores.
Ayer domingo intentamos comunicarnos con el director del Instituto de Museos de Yucatán, Jorge Esma Bazán, pero no pudimos localizarlo para que nos informe quién o quiénes son los autores de dicha exposición, la cual estará hasta el 4 de diciembre en el Paseo de Montejo.
Fuente: Por Esto
http://www.yucatanalamano.com/noticia/Merida/Exposiciones-en-Montejo-permaneceran-hasta-el-4-de-diciembre.html

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