Palacio de Minería, México City

Vacaciones en C 069

Palace of Mines, masterpiece of Latin American neoclassicism, is situated in Mexico City, at the end of Tacuba Street, facing the plaza named after Manuel Tolsá, where the equestrian statue of Charles IV, better known as “El Caballito”, creation of the same artist, is located. The most important civil building, made up by this Valencian sculptor and architect, was built to house the Royal Seminar of Mines in order to give academic instruction to miners since 1813.

The majestic monument of elegant forms and exact proportions where light, space and functionality merge, is one of the most outstanding constructions within Mexican architecture. It is part of the artistic and cultural patrimony of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), which, at present time, is under the custody of the School of Engineering.

The extraordinary Ancient Chapel, the Ceremonies’ Hall, the Dean’s Hall, the Principal’s Hall, the Deans’ Gallery, and the Library contribute to the beauty of the Palace, in some of them great examples of mural painting (XIX century) are kept as the Manuel Tolsá Museum that houses academies and objects related to his duties as well as masterpieces of some other artists from his time. To these spaces five patios are added: the main one with two floors, framed with arches, pilasters and beautiful and singular columns that lead to a master staircase.

In 1954, with the moving of the National School of Engineering to University Campus (Ciudad Universitaria), a transition era for the Palace had begun: the first year engineering courses were moved to University Campus. The traditional careers: Mining, Geology and Petroleum Engineering were taught at the Palace, and other areas such as Civil, Electromechanical and Topographical Engineering were later studied at University Campus.

As years passed it was necessary to remodel and restore the monument completely due to foundation and structural problems that the underground causes in Mexico City, so therefore a refurbishing of the building was carried out by the Former Students’ Society of the School of Engineering (SEFI). In 1976, after the restoration, the Palace was donated to this school for the use of the school and the students.

Nowadays, this building houses the home office of the Continual and Distance Education Division (DECD), the Engineer Bruno Mascanzoni Information and Documentation Center, the Historical Archives of the Palace of Mines, the Manuel Tolsá Museum, different engineering groups as well as different administrative areas.

Every year the Palace of Mines is used as temporary home office of one of the most important world-wide known publishing events in the country: The International Book Fair.
http://www.palaciomineria.unam.mx/english/palaceofmines.php

El Palacio de Minería constituye la obra maestra del neoclasicismo en América. Planeado y construido de 1797 a 1813 por el escultor y arquitecto valenciano Manuel Tolsá para albergar al Real Seminario de Minería, a fin de formar académicos especialistas en la explotación de minas.

Se encuentra en la Ciudad de México en la calle de Tacuba frente a la Plaza Manuel Tolsá, inaugurada en 1979 con la colocación de la escultura ecuestre de Carlos IV conocida como “El Caballito”, pieza elaborada por este gran artista.

El majestuoso monumento de elegancia de formas y exactitud de proporciones en el que se conjugan luz, espacio y funcionalidad, es una de las construcciones más relevantes dentro de la arquitectura mexicana; forma parte del patrimonio artístico y cultural de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México y se encuentra bajo el resguardo de la Facultad de Ingeniería.

Aloja a diferentes instancias de la propia Facultad como la División de Educación Continua y a Distancia (DECD), el Acervo Histórico, el Centro de Información y Documentación “Ing. Bruno Mascanzoni”, además de áreas administrativas, así como a diferentes agrupaciones gremiales entre las que se encuentran la de Exalumnos de la Facultad de Ingeniería (SEFI), el Colegio de Ingenieros Petroleros de México y la Academia Mexicana de Ingeniería.

Forman parte de su arquitectura: la extraordinaria Antigua Capilla, el Salón de Actos, el Salón del Rector, el Salón del Director, la Galería de Rectores y la Biblioteca, conservándose en algunos de ellos ejemplos de magnífica pintura mural (S. XIX); y el recientemente creado Museo de homenaje a Manuel Tolsá en el que es posible contemplar obras del artista valenciano y de personajes de su época. A estos recintos se suman cinco patios; el principal en dos cuerpos, enmarcado con arcos, bellas pilastras y singulares columnas, da acceso a una señorial escalera. http://www.palaciomineria.unam.mx/historia/historia.php

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s